Arthroscopy is a procedure used by surgeons to diagnose and treat problems related to the joints in a human body like torn ligaments or cartilages. The word arthroscopy is derived from two Greek words, “arthro” (joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term literally stands for “to look within the joint.” This procedure allows the surgeon to visualize the inside of the joint through a small incision or cut.
Through this incision, the surgeon can then repair the damage in the joint using very thin surgical instruments. Arthroscopy is now the most commonly performed orthopedic surgical procedure and is used both as a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic tool for different orthopedic joint disorders including traumatic joint injuries.